Posted Jan 24, 2023, 6:00 AMUpdated on Jan 24, 2023 at 6:51 am
The data is a bit dated but the observation, already underlined by the Court of Auditors, confirms the need to put things in order. A study by the Statistical Department of Social Ministries (DREES) published on Tuesday shows the extent of the gap between what is promised to the 2.1 million beneficiaries of the active solidarity income (RSA) and the reality, at a time when a reform of the support from which they benefit starts in about twenty departments .
Two figures illustrate this. On the one hand, the departments, which are responsible for managing the allowance and organizing integration, claim to direct 83% of beneficiaries to Pôle emploi or to an organization with a social purpose. On the other hand, only one out of two beneficiaries declares “to have a single referent or to be followed regularly as part of their integration process” (the survey concerns recipients at the end of 2018 and their social and professional evolutions over the following two years ).
France Work in the background
61% of RSA beneficiaries expressed a need for assistance in professional or social matters which remained a dead letter. Among those who are unemployed, this percentage rises to 73%. All is not black, however. While only a third of beneficiaries consider themselves to have received help, the satisfaction rate among those concerned is high: 62% of social aid is considered useful, 75% of professional aid useful or fairly useful.
Providing better assistance for better integration into the labor market is the stated objective of the reform currently being tested, which must be part of the project to reorganize all stakeholders in the field of employment: Pôle emploi, local missions, local authorities or associations. How ? By giving substance to the logic of rights (to be helped) and duties (to implement the integration actions defined with its referent).
This logic must still be shared: if almost all RSA beneficiaries are concerned, less than six out of ten say they have heard of it. Beneficiaries left in the wild, without a referent, even when they have been directed, or even without concrete action included in their contract of engagement, when it is signed… “The problems are at all levels”, summarizes the head of the office Fight against exclusion at DREES, Pierre-Yves Cabannes.
Lyon and Seine-Saint-denis set their conditions
The Metropolis of Lyon led by ecologists is one of the communities selected for the experiment, in the territory of Givors and Grigny. Two million euros have been promised by the State. “The 1,330 beneficiaries of the RSA will all be monitored and accompanied individually”, it is specified.
The interest of the device is “to manage to support people who, until now, were not at all”, recently explained its president, Bruno Bernard, to “Progrès”. No question, however, of conditioning the payment of the allowance to a steering wheel of 15 to 20 hours of activity per week, as Emmanuel Macron had wished when presenting his campaign program.
The department of Seine-Saint-Denis (with a socialist majority) has also confirmed its participation. As for Lyon, no question of conditioning the RSA to a commitment in a path of insertion, was it well thought out. The two communities also find themselves in their refusal to lose control: the “governance” of these experiments must involve all the actors of integration at the territorial level. Clearly, there is no question that the state is in charge.