May 27, 2022

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Medicines … their importance and methods of storing them


Doctors prescribe medicines to treat or prevent diseases. Every year, vaccinations prevent many diseases, such as measles, polio and smallpox, and painkillers relieve pain, and God willing, medicines helped millions of patients recover.

Drugs and antibiotics were known in the late thirties and early forties of the twentieth century AD, and before that, diseases were the cause of the death of many in different parts of the world, including pneumonia and other diseases.

In recent years, scientists have achieved remarkable success and impressive progress in the field of drug research, as they were able to know the side effects of drugs and replace many of them with dangerous effects with safer drugs, which made the use of medicines a cause of healing for many patients and a marked decrease in the death rate from some diseases, While medicines pose a risk of misuse, in addition to the fact that some patients use other medicines or nutritional supplements, so it is very important for the patient to inform the doctor so that drug interactions do not occur that cause an exacerbation of the disease, the body’s resistance to the drug and sometimes death if it is taken without Prescription or overdose.

Doctors advise patients not to give their medicines to others or advise them to use them, because the medicine was chosen based on the patient’s health problem according to his condition and thus it may be harmful to others. By mistake, they should go directly to the nearest health center to take the necessary medical measures, and it is also necessary to know the patient’s side effects that may occur to him and how to deal with them.

The patient must be careful to inform the doctor before dispensing the medicine if he suffers from any chronic or occasional health problems, and in the event of an allergy or unusual reactions to him from any previous medicine, and according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, it is very important that the medicines are stored and stored in appropriate ways. Based on manufacturers ’recommendations, to prevent spoilage, the storage temperature of most medicines is usually room temperature less than 25 degrees Celsius, while some types of medicines need to be kept in the refrigerator at a temperature ranging between 2-8 degrees Celsius to ensure their quality and validity, as well as Exposing the medicines to light, heat and moisture helps to cause chemical reactions that affect the composition of the medicine. Therefore, it is recommended to store the medicine in its original containers, and in cabinets out of the reach of children.

The optimal use of the drug is to follow the instructions specified for it, and not to stop the drugs before the end of the dose agreed upon with the doctor, and the patient must also follow the instructions written on the label of the medicine package when using the non-prescription drugs and follow the instructions of the pharmacist, in addition to the patient following some special instructions according to each drug Medicines that are taken orally are recommended to be taken with a glass of water after consuming them, and inhalants are used in different ways, so it is very important to follow the instructions given well before use, and with regard to the skin stickers, they should be affixed to a clean and dry skin area, as for eye drops and ointments or Nose and ear It is recommended that the drop does not come into contact with any surface, even if it is the eye or the nose, to prevent contamination, and that it be kept tightly closed.

A pregnant woman or who is planning to become pregnant is required to inform the doctor, as she advises pregnant women to take nutritional supplements to compensate for the lack of food rich in nutrients, in addition to ensuring the supply of the fetus to grow properly, and is usually acted by the doctor at the beginning of pregnancy, as for her injury With any diseases during pregnancy, it is necessary to consult the doctor who is following the case before using any medicine, preferably as much as possible after the end of the first trimester of pregnancy, as well as not to use medicines completely without a prescription, while doctors advise pregnant women who suffer from chronic diseases such as diabetes or high blood pressure Blood, hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, epilepsy, asthma, and other chronic diseases, by consulting a gynecologist, obstetrician and chronic disease specialist to coordinate and stabilize the health status of the mother and fetus.

With regard to the possibility of using medicines for breastfeeding women, she must be careful to consult a doctor as well, because some medicines may transfer through breast milk to the child, which may cause some undesirable effects.

The director of pharmaceutical services at Imam Muhammad bin Abdul Rahman Hospital, Dr. Muhammad Muadi Al-Otaibi, said in his speech to “SPA” that the drug has become one of the basic needs for disease prevention as well as treatment to improve the quality of human life, indicating that the drug has risks if it is used incorrectly or Without consulting a specialist doctor or pharmacist.

The director of pharmacy services stated that medical schools were established centuries ago after many medicines were discovered to control their handling and to preserve the safety of the patient, and that health institutions were developing a treatment plan to maintain the continuity of the effectiveness of a drug, especially for antibiotics, and stressed that the medicine should only be taken By prescription.