Bracha continued: The sex of the fetus is determined by the sex chromosome carried by the sperm that fertilizes the egg, and the sperm can carry either the X or Y chromosome, while the woman’s egg contains only the X chromosome. But if it carries the X chromosome, the baby will be female, and in some cases the family resorts to determining the sex of the baby to achieve a balance between the number of males and females in the family.
He added: There are 4 stages in the process of determining the sex of the newborn for the excluded cases:
The first stage: the program of induction of ovulation through hormonal needles given to the wife from the beginning of the cycle, and during the program the eggs are constantly monitored until they reach the size required for withdrawal.
The second stage: Eggs are withdrawn from the body through a special vaginal needle under intravenous sedation, local or general anesthesia, and the egg is microscopically fertilized with sperm on the same day.
The third stage: placing the embryos in special incubators and leaving them for 3 days until each embryo reaches the stage of 6-8 cells, and then the embryo wall is punctured and one or two cells are withdrawn without any harm or harm to the embryo. The cell is studied by dyeing the chromosomes to determine Syndromes such as Down syndrome, Edward and Patau, as well as the gender of the fetus.
Fourth stage: The embryos of the desired sex are returned, and only the embryos of the desired sex and healthy embryos are returned.
The last stage: It is taking a pregnancy stabilizer program and waiting for two weeks to find out that pregnancy has occurred.
Early genetic testing for individuals who have a family history of certain diseases such as sickle cell anemia or genetic abnormalities is the best way to have healthy children with the possibility of conducting a test to determine and choose the gender of the fetus, as ICSI procedures include – as I mentioned – determining healthy embryos and the type of fetus at excellent and guaranteed rates 100%.
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