Emmanuel Macron’s campaign team was committed to it, Olivier Dussopt confirmed it. Scheduled until the end of June, the bonuses for hiring apprentices will be maintained at least until the end of 2022. “Beyond that, it will depend on the 2023 finance law”, declared the Minister of Labour, Full -Employment and Integration this Tuesday on RTL without leaving any doubt: their sustainability indeed depends on the objective of going from 730,000 to 1 million contracts signed per year by the end of the five-year term set for it Elisabeth Borne the day before during the transfer of power.
Olivier Dussopt did not specify it but it goes better by saying it: the maintenance for six additional months will be done in the “current” system, that is to say in the recovery plan format which came into force in July 2020, it was said in his entourage. Either a single payment of 5,000 euros for the hiring of a minor alternating, 8,000 euros after 18 years, up to bac +5, regardless of the workforce of the employer.
“An investment for the future”
President of CMA France, the chamber of apprentices, Joël Fourny, did not hide his satisfaction. “These aids have already made it possible to increase the number of apprentices in our training centers from 4.5% to 9.5% in 2021. […] Learning remains an investment for the future of our youth and our economy,” he said.
As a reminder, the pre-Covid bonus resulting from the Pénicaud reform of 2018 provided for the payment of 4,125 euros the first year, 2,000 the second and 1,200 beyond if necessary, but only for companies with less than 250 employees hiring a young person. preparing for a diploma lower than or equal to the baccalaureate (baccalaureate +2 for overseas departments and regions).
Will we return to this situation after the 1er January 2023? Too early to say, the entourage of Olivier Dussopt referring the “terms of the extension” to a consultation with the actors of the sector. The calibration promises to be tricky: the professional federations now all defending learning tooth and nail, none will want to be harmed because of their own appetite for this or that level of training.
One federation in particular, Syntec, will watch this very closely, that of engineering, consulting, events and professional training. Very happy with the maintenance for six months of the current system, its president, Laurent Giovachini, is already asking that the consultation does not lead to “discrimination according to the level of studies”.
Clearly: that the hiring of higher education apprentices, predominant at Syntec, should always be subsidized. “We are the second sector in terms of the number of apprentices behind construction and ahead of industry. The image of apprenticeship as a whole benefits from this, without forgetting that many young people who cannot be helped by their parents can obtain higher education thanks to apprenticeship,” he pleads.
Focus on quality?
Even if the subject primarily interests employers, the National Federation of CFA Directors has its own idea on the matter. Highlighting the almost two years of decline in the current premium, its president Pascal Picault outlines the consideration of quality criteria in future payments.
How ? By conditioning them, for example, on the guarantee that the apprenticeship masters are trained according to an educational reference system to be defined. “Going to 1 million contracts per year represents a huge jump that requires a real investment from the State over time, but also from companies and CFAs so that young people do not serve as an adjustment variable for hiring policies. “, he believes.