In the midst of the health crisis, a new record for business start-ups was reached: 996,217 creations were identified between June 2020 and May 2021. An increase driven by microentrepreneurs, since two-thirds of creations were under this regime. Since the beginning of the year (January-May 2021) nearly 290,000 new microentrepreneurs have been registered. This is 100,000 more than in the first five months of 2020.
This simplified social and tax regime, which can only be granted to sole proprietorships, is very advantageous when starting a business. It makes it possible to pay charges only on the turnover actually received by the company. What to raise the fears to launch out …
A reassuring diet to get started
“Getting started when we’re going to be a dad and in the middle of a crisis… I haven’t slept for several nights,” says Yanis Salhi. But I told myself that with this diet, I had nothing to lose. That if it didn’t work, I would quit free of charge, even if it meant trying again in two years. Like this independent real estate loan broker, registered in January 2021, there are many project leaders to become microentrepreneurs in order to minimize the risks. The success of the regime in the midst of the crisis attests to this.
Yanis Salhi also sees it as a springboard. Having realized 8,000 euros in turnover in May, he estimates that he will exceed the maximum threshold of 72,600 euros by the end of the year. “This diet is great to start with, but if you have ambition like me, it must be abandoned eventually. To switch to real regime, it is necessary to exceed the maximum threshold two consecutive years, or to make this choice deliberately, to benefit from a more advantageous regime on the deduction of expenses, in particular real estate. Yanis Salhi expects to open his practice in 2022 and therefore quickly move to reality.
Being his own boss to be more free to organize his time, and therefore to be more present with his family, that was his other motivation to become a broker and left his salaried job. But in times of crisis, not all entrepreneurs start out by choice. “The first reason is the situation of salaried employment in France. With the crisis, there has already been a lot of layoffs and contractual terminations, explains Monique Sentey, general delegate of the Union des Auto-Entrepreneurs. And since it was very difficult to find a job, it was sometimes more obvious to decide to become independent. “
Students and freelancers
This also applies to students who have lost their job, for example in babysitting or catering. They created their activity, in particular by registering en masse as meal deliverers. According to the latest figures from Acoss, the number of microenterprises in the “post and courier activities” category increased by 40.2% between June 2019 and June 2020, reaching 119,900 registered. “In 2020, we went from 11,000 to 14,000 partner deliverers affiliates [et] at the same time, our activity has more than doubled in one year, ”announces Deliveroo to Echos Entrepreneurs.
For Monique Sentey, this increase is cyclical, linked to the dynamism of this sector during confinements, and to the administrative closure of other activities. It is also ephemeral for these microentrepreneurs. the period of exercise of a delivery person at Deliveroo is only 11 months.
A less sustainable phenomenon than that of freelancers, for example in the digital world. Health measures have forced many businesses to urgently invest in digital technology. By creating or redesigning their website, and improving their presence on social networks, for example. And to train or have someone do it, companies have preferred freelancers rather than hiring. An opportunity for freelance web writing or website creation for example.
Microentrepreneur, employee and co-founder of a company
This convinced Lauryne Dessaint to get started. Former digital marketing manager of the Swiss delivery platform Smood, she has built up a network in the restaurant business. Some restaurateurs have offered to work for them freelance. After a change of job that went wrong, she became independent in November 2021.
Lauryne Dessaint claims 3,000 euros in turnover for the month of May 2021. She too sees the microentrepreneur regime as a temporary springboard. “I was afraid that the restaurateurs who are my main customers, sink in the second confinement. Or no longer have enough cash to pay me, explains the entrepreneur. Otherwise I would have directly set up an agency. “
The counselor and trainer is careful. She didn’t put all of her eggs in one basket. In parallel with her independent activity, she co-founded at the end of 2020 with a partner Mihi, an e-commerce site on well-being. And in January 2021, while keeping its two activities, she returned to salaried employment by accepting a position in an online design school.
A search for security, meaning and independence
Becoming a microentrepreneur while keeping your job is the lot of many of these multi-active people … For François-Xavier Albouy, co-founder of the Independent Work Observatory, it is even a lasting trend, new in France but already well anchored in other countries. “In view of the uncertain economic situation, of employees fearful of losing their job create a self-employed activity. One way to have a plan B in a way. “
This all-risk professional insurance is accompanied by a search for freedom, flexibility and autonomy. Aspirations accentuated by the crisis, just like the search for meaning. A sensitivity particularly claimed by young people. 42% of microentrepreneur creators were under 30 in 2020.
Renan Loiseau is just 18 years old. Student in business and marketing, he founded Sün Üs in October 2020. The concept: to have clothes manufactured and sold in France, 50% of the profits of which are donated to associations. “My main objective is to help others and to create my own experience, so as not to leave school at BAC +5 without knowing the field”, he pleads seriously.
The student entrepreneur is already considering a change of status. These are not the limits of figures of the micro enterprise that motivate it. He only realized 2,000 euros in sales in May, far from the 176,200 euros maximum per year to keep this regime in a sales activity. But “between my studies and my student job, I can’t find enough time to develop Sün Üs. »He would like to move quickly to the company to recruit a trainee or apprentice.
More than half of microentrepreneurs with no turnover
The crisis, if it causes an increase in creations under the microentrepreneur regime, does not change the rules of the game. On average, only one in two microentrepreneurs declares turnover. Many therefore create without even having the first customer. The crisis worsens the phenomenon. Only 45% declared a turnover in the second quarter of 2020, or 8 points less than in 2019 according to Acoss, the national body of Urssaf. Several reasons for this.
“The crisis has reduced general economic activity,” recalls François-Xavier Albouy. So if we combine this with an increase in the number of companies, we quickly understand that not all of them can find customers! “It should be added that many independents had put their activity on hold, direct or collateral victims of administrative closures.
The Acoss figures also have flaws. “You have to wait at least 90 days after registering to be able to report your first turnover to Urssaf. So for 4 months, self-employed businesses are recorded as registered but inactive, ”explains Monique Sentey. “And a similar statistical reading error can also occur when self-employed persons change their status, their radiation being compulsory in order to evolve in society. “